What is DNA Paternity Test? Here’s Everything You Should Know

Every individual’s genetic fingerprint is unique in nature. This very fact makes this testing so reliable in nature. A biological child tends to share 50 percent of his DNA with the biological father and 50 percent with the biological mother. This test compares the DNA sample from the father who is the alleged one and a DNA sample from a child to determine if they share or not share a child/father biological relationship.

DNA paternity tests cannot determine:

  1. Evidence of relationship for possible biological connections other than paternal
  2. Information about ancestry
  3. Age of participants
  4. Race of participants

DNA Paternity Process

All you need are the DNA samples of the child in question, his alleged father and mother. The mother’s participation is optional, but can provide effective results.

Collection of DNA

  1. The DNA of the paternity tests are derived from the participants’ cheek cells which is gathered using a simple and painless swab.
  2. Every participant is given four swabs, used once at a time, the swab top is rubbed firmly on the cheeks insides to gather the DNA.
  3. The swabs are then placed in paper envelopes as the paper lets the organic material on the swabs to breathe and keep away all the mold contamination. If the swabs are too wet, wave them in the air to dry them,
  4. In many postnatal cases, a blood sample is collected to be used for DNA, but cheek swabs are most commonly used for gathering further quality information on DNA testing.

If you want to conduct a DNA paternity testing at home

Gathering the sample for DNA paternity test can also be conducted at home if you are seeking results for your own peace of mind. When it comes to wanting results for any kind of legal reason like child support or custody, then order a legal and witness paternity test, rather than conducting the test at home.

For home test:

  1. Order a kit online or from a local drugstore.
  2. When you buy it from the drug store, you have to pay to the retailer as well as the fee to the lab to conduct the test.
  3. Swab it at home, register the kit online and send the swabs to the lab directly.
  4. When the results are ready, the reports are then posted on a secured account or sent by mail.

If you want the test to be conducted legally

To make your paternity test be deemed court admissible, the test needs to be supervised by an approved and a disinterested third party. Here is how it goes:

  1. Call the lab to request a legal test
  2. The lab books an appointment for you at a verified DNA collection facility
  3. A DNA test kit is sent to the DNA collection facility
  4. Participants provide their IDs, photos etc. for verification
  5. The DNA conducts the necessary paperwork and mails the sample to the lab
  6. When the reports are ready, they are sent via secured online account or by mail.